School Libraries – Pathways to Academic Achievements and National Development

Nelson Edewor

Nelson Edewor

The current state of school libraries in Nigeria has serious implications for national development. Many of our schools use classrooms, stores, offices or book cupboards to house their book collections. There is no gainsaying the fact that school libraries have the lowest of priorities in our educational system. Majority of schools possess no library, where some semblance exist, it is often not more than few scattered shelves of outdated and worn out materials without a qualified staff.

The National Policy on Education (NPE) made clear provisions for school libraries in the primary and secondary education curriculum, including a librarian. This underscores the importance of school libraries. The school library is the hub of information and a significant player in making pupils information literate. Nigeria’s aspiration to compete in the global knowledge economy depends on producing information literate school leavers. As such there is need for Nigeria to go back to the basics of library services provision as stipulated in the NPE, and considers the role and place of school libraries.

School libraries are places for the development of study skills that pupil can take with them, further into higher education and even workplace. School libraries assist in developing reading, learning and other literacy skills of pupils. In fact, reading and debating clubs in schools require the use of books and other information resources, which can be borrowed from the library. The school library should be seen in the light of what academic libraries are, to their institutions. For instance, in Namibia, school libraries provide teachers with access to materials relevant to the curriculum they are expected to teach and for their professional development. The school library therefore, is a central player in the teaching and learning process of the primary and secondary education. In addition, pupils can be exposed to computers in a well equipped school library, thereby enhancing digital literacy in such an early stage in their life. More so, school libraries provide conducive and friendly spaces for learners, who may not have a conducive study space at home because of socio economic conditions/ inequalities.

Where school libraries exist, the biggest drawback is the absence of professional librarians. A well equipped school library, without professional librarians is a mere collection of books. Such schools are managed by volunteers or non professionals with little or no training in key areas such as cataloguing, classification, stock taking, weeding, or processing of books. Consequently, no stock taking or weeding of old book is done, resulting in many old and outdated books, leaving no room for innovativeness. Volunteers or non librarians also lack the skills of information repackaging and indexing of information resources for easy access.

The role that school libraries play in the Nigerian school curriculum should be strengthened. Academic quality in schools should be shared responsibility. School libraries should be considered as key stakeholders towards academic improvement of pupils in our schools. The International Federation of Library Institutions and Associations (IFLA)/United Nations Educational and Scientific Commission (UNESCO), School Library Manifesto is quite clear on this. Good experience in the school library can bring about an unprecedented enthusiasm for learning that can last a lifetime. Libraries that are well equipped with current and relevant materials are assets to any school.

School libraries help children to develop curious and inquiring minds. This will stand them in good stead as they go further in education. Again, school libraries help children to perform well academically as they develop the skills of independent studying. Academic achievement is an indicator for completion of studies. This is of utmost importance in Nigeria where currently, we have the singular honour of having the highest number of out of school children. For Nigerian children to acquire quality education and not just be parrots of crammed outdated lesson notes, school libraries in all public and primary schools must be refurbished and equipped. Therefore, school libraries that are adequately staffed and funded should be provided.

Author: Nelson Edewor

Posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , .


  1. Many individuals have made unhealthy career moves,
    but James Mecca a defense lawyer from Louisiana, made a surprising one: he
    asked to be paid with weed. The doctor assumes responsibility for providing management and care of the patient’s debilitating medical condition after conducting
    a complete medical history and bodily examination, together
    with a private assessment of the affected person’s medical
    record maintained by different treating physicians reflecting the affected
    person’s reaction and response to conventional medical therapies.

    OHA restrictions on quantities purchased and taxes will only apply to recreational purchases made at medical marijuana dispensaries.
    Under the new law, Rev and Tax can situation $1,000 licenses for businesses that intend to domesticate, manufacture, lab test and
    dispense marijuana.

    Making use of for a PFD requires a My Alaska account,
    which you need to even have to apply for a marijuana institution license.
    The state is not going to be releasing income numbers so far till
    late September as a result of businesses do not report
    their numbers until August. As soon as you’re educated in regards to the
    course of, it isn’t as difficult or confusing as many sufferers seem to
    imagine that it’s. To get you began, listed below are three requirements you will want in order
    to get your medical marijuana card. Washington’s medical cannabis
    program was signed into legislation in 1998. Circumstances that trigger extreme, debilitating pain,
    wasting syndrome, intractable nausea and seizures also fall
    underneath the state’s medical marijuana law.

    No. Delivering marijuana to shoppers is just
    not permitted under AS 17.38 or three AAC 306. Leisure marijuana has been legal
    throughout Oregon for just a few months now.
    The MAUCRSA requires the Department of Meals and Agriculture
    (rather than the Bureau) begin establishing standards to designate
    a county of origin for cannabis no later than January 1, 2018.
    Plants of Ruskin lawyer Douglas Manson referred to as Van Laningham’s really useful order a win for patients.
    So in case you have a prognosis of an eligible situation,
    you will most definitely have the ability to get a card as soon as you find the best doctor.
    This tends to be the process across the board and is even practiced
    in that fervent experimentation state, California.

    Which means some two weeks after Nevada cannabis stores started legally promoting recreational marijuana, they will restock their supplies.
    Budtender Tom Nieves shows marijuana products to
    prospects through the first day of leisure sales
    at Acres Hashish in Las Vegas on Saturday, July 1, 2017.
    In accordance with an Associated Press report
    , taking marijuana in alternate for his legal providers seems
    to have been an ongoing enterprise practice for
    Mecca. We intend to work collaboratively with the Legislature and other stakeholders
    to make key modifications to the legislation as quickly as
    attainable. Right now’s approval of regulations represented a step in the
    appropriate course for those within the marijuana industry, including dispensary homeowners who stated
    their pot supply was operating low after dealing with larger-than-expected sales through
    the first 12 days of recreational marijuana sales.

    Accepting HSA (Well being Savings Accounts), bank cards and debit playing cards with a price.
    No, there is no such thing as a limit on the quantity of product that can be legally transferred between licensed marijuana companies.
    A qualifying affected person, primary caregiver, various treatment
    middle, physician, or another individual performing in accordance with the provisions of act
    N.J.S.2C:35-18 shall not be topic to any civil or administrative penalty, or denied any right or privilege, together with,
    however not restricted to, civil penalty or disciplinary motion by an expert licensing board, related to
    the medical use of marijuana as approved under
    this act.

    Support Worker: Mandatory for workers that work throughout the business however don’t make operational decisions.
    The Central City pot shop is owned by Strainwise , which owns eight dispensaries in Colorado and hopes all eight outlets
    are accredited for the leisure license, based on Westword.
    Laws is transferring via the Home and Senate that would broaden the patient base
    by allowing for more medical conditions to be coated below the appropriate to attempt” state
    legislation. To scramble the candidates in random order, Ibrahim developed software that
    could carry out an algorithm known as the Fisher-Yates shuffle, which simulates shuffling a deck of playing cards.

    Questions about racial diversity are simply one of several controversies which have embroiled
    the medical marijuana program and threaten further delays.
    Go to a faculty the place you may specialize in being a caregiver.
    The Florida Department of Well being works to guard, promote & enhance the well being of all people in Florida by means
    of built-in state, county, & group efforts. More info, together with the patient and caregiver applications, may be discovered
    beneath the Affected person part beneath.

    Bird stated she hoped the city would contemplate offering
    reductions for non earnings which might be serving the medical
    needs of the Costa Mesa community.

    NOTICE TO CONSUMERS: The Compassionate Use Act
    of 1996 ensures that critically ailing Californians have
    the precise to acquire and use hashish for medical functions where medical use is deemed appropriate and has been really
    helpful by a doctor who has determined that the individual’s
    well being would profit from the usage of medical hashish.

    Each kinds of companies are limited in quantity and no new businesses might
    be permitted with no change in law. Give us a call or stroll-in, and we’ll stroll you thru the often confusing
    technique of getting your medical marijuana license. Nonetheless, Public Well being Director James Gillan has repeatedly stated the
    biggest roadblock to the program is the establishment of the marijuana-testing laboratory
    that is required underneath law.

    That being stated, the legislators who authored MMRSA have consistently indicated that they need to establish a
    compromise between crucial stakeholders: the existing
    cannabis trade, regulation enforcement, local jurisdictions, and the general public.
    Physicians must be registered with this system with a view to certify your eligibility.
    You will need to return your original MMP ID card to us
    by licensed mail, as a result of you can be issued a new
    card along with your caregiver information on it. Once the caregiver is accredited, they are going to be required to pay the
    registration fee of $200 or $20, if eligible for presidency help.

    The final and most essential step to getting your medical marijuana card is discovering a health care provider
    to signal your kinds. Completing this on-line course of will initiate your application, but you’ll still want to complete your working plan and
    supplemental kinds. Each considered one of these thirteen states has different legal guidelines surrounding the purchase and distribution of marijuana.
    They put money into each affected person’s individual journey to health, and prioritizing providing education on different strains,
    use, rising, and legalities of medical marijuana. The MED Occupational License allows the holder to work inside MED licensed Medical and Retail Marijuana services or
    for distributors that provide companies to MED Medical and
    Retail Marijuana business licensees.

    He performed thorough analysis and found a excessive demand for it among sufferers as a consequence of its long checklist of medicinal advantages.
    Medical marijuana patients could be exempt from paying state gross
    sales taxes. More than 200 dispensaries licensed by the Oregon Health Authority
    have opted to sell recreational pot through the early sales interval.
    The type of licensing and documentation your marijuana enterprise requires will depend on both the location of your operation and the
    sort of business you are conducting. After I was working with Dr.
    Goldstein, many people told me that they solely acquired legal
    because the clinic was in a good workplace constructing and had developed a reputation for professionalism.

    However now he’s anxious that when the haze clears from a struggle over scant state licenses, Philadelphia can be left
    empty-handed. In states with medical marijuana legal guidelines, more than 335
    people have been charged with federal crimes associated to
    medical marijuana, and greater than 158 defendants have
    received federal sentences for marijuana offenses totaling
    almost 500 years in prison, based on CalNorml , the California department of the Nationwide Organization for the
    Reform of Marijuana Laws. Listed beneath is a step-by-step guide for serving to potential medical marijuana sufferers get a
    medical marijuana card in Arizona.

    Please read three AAC 306.010(a) to find
    out the best way to measure the gap. The emergency regulations adopted
    don’t provide a timeline for issuing distribution licenses,
    but each Durrett and Contine mentioned they anticipated the licenses to
    be issued by the top of the month. A affected person must be assessed by a bona fide registered
    MMP doctor who will certify if the affected person has an permitted debilitating medical
    situation to take part within the NJ MMP. You do not must be a resident of Oregon to legally purchase recreational
    hashish, however you will need to be able to prove your age with government-issued
    identification on the time of purchase.

    For an summary of CalCannabis, including an illustrated chart of the obligations
    of every state department required to manage hashish, click
    on right here. Please be aware: The dates listed in this section reflect these specified in the
    legislation and are for informational purposes only. We now have
    a selected curiosity in working with the state and the Division of Health… to ensure we are able to do research in a legally compliant means, and I assume to some extent that may even involve working with the National Institutes of Well being to ensure we can do this in a legally compliant manner,” he said.
    In addition to medical marijuana evaluations, the doctors at Rising
    Medical Marijuana Card provide a wide range of different remedies including STI treatment, normal medical concerns,
    beauty procedures and surgeries, and evaluations
    for emotional assist animals.

    SEATTLE – Washington’s legal marijuana market opened last summer season to a dearth of weed.
    Some shops periodically closed because they didn’t
    have pot to promote. Ship a duplicate of
    your utility to your native government. 5 states allow
    legal leisure marijuana sales, but Nevada limits which companies can take part
    in its supply chain. Licenses for marijuana businesses are available
    on a limited basis. Any application for a growing operation will cost a non-refundable $10,000, in addition to a $200,000 allow price
    that will probably be returned solely to the unsuccessful candidates.
    Starting June 2, 2016, receipts are issued to
    applicants who submit a complete utility per ORS 475B.415(2).

    As a way to efficiently swap to your ATC of selection,
    you need to return to , and choose the choice ‘Change ATC/View ATC Visits’ You’ll then enter your energetic affected person ID quantity positioned in your ID card or you possibly
    can enter your info as in your attending doctor assertion.
    Franwell will provide an Utility Programming Interface (API) to prospects who wish to use a 3rd-social gathering stock management system.

    Do I have to be registered with a particular ATC to buy medicinal marijuana or can I’m going to any ATC provided I’m an accepted MMP cardholder.

    If members of the LLC or shareholders of an organization are themselves entities,
    they should be additional reduced to human persons with a monetary
    interest in the operation of a license.

    The BRE will check the documentation in opposition to the regulations, determine whether or not correct and required
    public notices and advertisements were posted, test residency necessities, and decide if there are errors which want correction. AMCO cannot guarantee that the knowledge on the spreadsheet is correct
    as a result of there is no such thing as a statutory obligation for local governments to inform AMCO or
    the Marijuana Control Board when they opt out. Hagemeyer rebuffed a perceived shortage in the variety
    of alcohol distributors and their skill to quickly transport weed throughout dozens of cultivation amenities, manufacturing facilities and dispensaries statewide.

    You could do that one last step before you possibly can file for any licenses and permits.
    Candidates had been required to provide, at a minimum, a letter of intent
    to lease a retailer; it was difficult to figure out which places
    were legal; and a couple of person was allowed to apply utilizing the identical location.
    That might result in one other authorized problem from a group
    of alcohol wholesalers. A state Bureau of Marijuana Management contained in the
    state Division of Consumer Affairs could be given the job
    of creating, issuing, renewing and revoking state licenses for the transportation, storage, distribution and sale of marijuana.

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